January 26 is celebrated as India’s Republic Day and this year we celebrate the 71st Republic Day. On this day, the world’s largest democracy’s longest written constitution came into effect and we became a sovereign nation. We Indians celebrate this day and the government of India has proclaimed January 26th as a national holiday. Brazilian president Jair Messias Bolsonaro is the chief guest for this year’s republic day parade at India Gate, New Delhi.
History of Republic Day Of India:
Republic Day is celebrated as India’s constitution was passed in 1950 on this day and was subsequently replaced by the Government of India Act 1935. While India’s constitution was adopted on 26 November 1947, it came into effect on 26 January 1950 when a democratic system was established. This day’s history traces back to 1929 during the December, when Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected president and ultimately the congress voted for Purna Swaraj (complete independence) in Congress during the Lahore Session. It was proposed to celebrate the last Sunday of January 1930 as Independence Day which fell on the 26th. The same day, Pt. Nehru hoisted the Tricolor at Lahore’s bank of the Ravi River, but it wasn’t entirely independent. Eventually, on 15 August 1947, we achieved our independence and the Republic Day Of India was chosen on 26 January.
Significance of Republic Day Of India:
On Republic Day, flag-hoisting ceremonies, armed forces parades, and children from schools are held across the world. The most famous of these parades is conducted in New Delhi’s Rajpath, which demonstrates the country’s rich cultural heritage and military prowess. The Chief Republic Day ceremony is held in National Capital Delhi with the President giving his speech, followed by the Republic Day Parade showcasing our power, cultural heritage with Tableaus of various states and children dancing to celebrate independent India. Various awards and medals are given both to the armed and civilian people. Armed forces helicopters fly past the area of the parade, and shower petals rose over there. The parade concludes with an Indian Air Force “fly past” featuring fighter planes flying past the dais, symbolically welcoming the president.
Importance of Republic Day Of India:
On August 15, 1947, India became independent. The country had not even a sound constitution since independence. Before the constitution was passed, the laws were subject to the 1935 Government of India Act. On 28 August 1947, the Government of India, having realized the need for a permanent constitution and its own governing body, appointed a drafting committee to draft it, and Dr B. R. Ambedkar as chairman of the drafting committee. After nearly 3 years, the 308 members of the Assembly finally signed a Constitution on 24 January 1950, which came into force on 26 January 1950, after many consultations and a few amendments. And, that day has since been celebrated in India as Republic Day. This day recognizes the importance of having a constitution proper to which all people will adhere.
As specified in the preamble;
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.”
On this auspicious day of 26th January TechQRT wishes you a very happy Republic Day.